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Cleft lip and cleft palate are openings or splits in the upper lip, 上颚上颚(上颚)或两者的上颚. Cleft lip and cleft palate occur early in pregnancy when tissues in an unborn baby’s face and mouth don’t close completely. 正常情况下, the tissues that make up the lip and palate fuse together in the second and third months of pregnancy. 但对于唇腭裂的婴儿来说, 这种聚变从来没有发生过，或者只发生了一部分, 留下缺口(裂缝).
A deviated septum is when your nasal septum — the thin wall that separates your right and left nasal passages — is displaced to one side. You may be born with this condition or it occurs due to an injury.
Head and neck conditions include a wide range of malignant (cancerous) and benign diseases, 包括喉癌, 咽或唾液腺, HPV-associated增生, advanced cancers of the skin in the head and neck region (melanoma, 基底细胞, and squamous cell carcinoma) or chronic salivary gland infections.
Hearing loss can vary from mild to total loss of hearing and occur in one or both ears. 它可以由许多不同的因素引起, some of which can be successfully treated with medicine or 手术, 取决于疾病. Hearing loss usually comes on gradually but may occasionally develop suddenly.
Laryngo-pharyngeal回流 is a condition caused by an irritation and swelling of the throat and larynx when acidic stomach content “backflows” into the back of the throat. Many people who have laryngo-pharyngeal reflux do not get heartburn.
Nasal obstruction is blockage of the nose or nasal cavity and can be caused by a wide variety of complications. Most cases are caused by sinusitis, allergies, or the overuse of nasal sprays. 堵塞也可能是由解剖因素引起的, 比如鼻中隔偏曲, 腺样体肿大, nasal polyps (swellings of the nasal and sinus mucous membrane) or foreign bodies in the nose.
Spasmodic dysphonia causes involuntary movement of the larynx that can lead to extensive vocal strain. 在极少数情况下, this results in an unpredictable opening of the vocal folds with loss of voice and breath.
If you have a swallowing disorder you might feel pain or discomfort when you eat or drink. This type of condition can make it difficult to get all the calories, 身体需要的液体和营养. 我们的专家团队评估, 咨询和治疗所有吞咽障碍, 包括中风引起的疾病, 肌萎缩性侧索硬化症, 帕金森病, 脑部肿瘤, 手术, 或者对颈部进行放射治疗.
Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) syndrome is a disorder of the jaw muscles and nerves caused by injury to the temporomandibular joint. The temporomandibular joint is the connection between the jawbone and the skull. 当关节受伤时, 它会导致咀嚼疼痛, 点击, 脆皮, and popping of the jaw; swelling on the sides of the face; nerve inflammation; headaches, including migraines; earaches; and tooth grinding.
Upper airway disorders can cause painful inflammation that makes it difficult to breath. 这些类型的疾病有时会被误认为是哮喘. 我们的专家团队评估, counsels and treats a full range of upper airway disorders to help you breathe easier.
A hemorrhage occurs when one or more of the blood vessels in the vocal folds breaks open, filling the vocal fold and potentially forming a small ball or hemorrhagic polyp. It is caused by trauma to the vocal fold, such as extensive coughing or extensive screaming.
Wisdom teeth are your third molars and are the last teeth to develop and appear in your mouth. They come in between the ages of 17 – 25 and often don’t fully grow in. A wisdom tooth that doesn’t have room to grow is called an impacted wisdom tooth.