糖尿病 & 内分泌

Adrenal Cancer (Adrenocortical Carcinoma)

肾上腺癌, 这是非常罕见的, typically develops in the cortex (outer part) of the adrenal gland. It is often discovered accidentally on an imaging test done to look for something else.

库欣综合症

Cushing syndrome is a disorder with physical and mental changes that result from having too much cortisol in the blood for a long period of time. Cortisol is a steroid hormone produced by the adrenal glands, located above the kidneys.

糖尿病

糖尿病 is a disease in which the body is unable to properly use and store glucose (a form of sugar). Glucose backs up in the bloodstream — causing one’s blood glucose (sometimes referred to as blood sugar) to rise too high.

糖尿病性神经病

糖尿病性神经病 is painful nerve damage associated with diabetes. The damage is related to blood sugar levels being too high for too long. Different types of diabetic neuropathy can affect your feet and legs, hips, head or digestive system.

甲状腺机能亢进

Graves' disease is an immune system disorder that results in hyperthyroidism. Although a number of disorders may result in hyperthyroidism, Graves' disease is a common cause.

甲状旁腺功能亢进

甲状旁腺功能亢进 is a condition in which there is too much parathyroid hormone in the bloodstream due to one (or more) of the body’s four parathyroid glands being overactive.

甲状腺机能亢进

甲状腺机能亢进 is when your thyroid – the butterfly-shaped gland at the bottom of your neck, just above your collarbone – makes too much of a hormone called thyroxine.

甲状腺功能减退

甲状腺功能减退 is a condition in which the thyroid gland doesn’t produce enough thyroid hormone to keep some of the body’s functions running properly.

多结节甲状腺肿

A goiter refers to an enlarged thyroid gland. Sometimes a goiter has multiple nodules or bumps on it, which is called a multinodular goiter. Most thyroid nodules are harmless but some can be cancerous.

神经内分泌(胰岛细胞)肿瘤

An islet cell tumor is a tumor that develops in the pancreas from a type of cell called an islet cell. These cells manufacture and release hormones, such as insulin and glucagon, into the bloodstream. An islet cell tumor can be benign (noncancerous) or malignant (cancerous).

骨质疏松症

骨质疏松症 is a condition in which the body loses too much bone, makes too little, or both. As a result, bones become weak and may break easily.

甲状旁腺癌

甲状旁腺癌是一种非常罕见的疾病, slow-growing cancer with under 100 cases per year diagnosed in the United States.

嗜铬细胞瘤

嗜铬细胞瘤s are very rare tumors that usually develop in the adrenal glands, 肾上的小腺体. They most commonly affect people between the ages of 20 and 50, but can occur at any age. 因为荷尔蒙分泌, symptoms include high blood pressure, 出汗, 心跳加速, 和头痛.

多囊卵巢综合征(PCOS)

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a hormonal disorder common among women of reproductive age in which a woman’s hormones are out of balance.

甲状腺结节

Thyroid nodules are lumps that form within the thyroid and are usually benign, or non-cancerous. Most thyroid nodules aren't serious and don't cause symptoms. 只有一小部分是癌性的.